Bed bugs are parasites which live in wood crevices, beds or other sleeping areas and feed on human blood. They are active both at night and during the day. Unless you are very conscious, you may not notice a bed bug bite.
How to identify a bed bug bite
A bed bug bite is not significantly different from a mosquito bite. It is just as painless as a mosquito bite and it turns into an itchy swell when you scratch it. It may require you to see bed bugs physically on your bed so that you can confirm that you have a bed bug bite. Sometimes, a bed bug bite may be so serious that it leads to bleeding. In this case, when you wake up and see blood stains on your beddings, look for a bed bug around. You will most certainly find several of them. Dark spots and musty odor are also indicative of the presence of bed bugs. If there is evidence of the presence of bed bugs on your bed and you have reddish blisters on the parts of your body that are exposed when you are asleep, you have had a bed bug bite.
Health effects of bed bug bites
By biting a healthy individual, a bed bug does not transmit any known disease to that person. Bedbug bites mainly cause skin rashes to the affected individual. They may also cause allergic symptoms and psychological effects. In the wake of HIV transmission through the exchange of blood and other body fluids, various studies have been conducted to determine whether a bed bug bite can transmit the deadly virus. The results of the studies are that though bedbugs are infected with several disease-causing pathogens, they do not transmit any of them to a healthy person through their bites.
Treatment of bedbug bites
Prevention of bed bug bites is both more important and easier than the treatment. To prevent bed bug bites, you only need to eliminate the parasite together with its eggs. Bed bugs are no indicative of dirt but you may find it necessary to wash beddings, curtains, and linens and dry them out in the sun. Cover mattresses with tightly woven covers to keep it difficult for bedbugs to get onto the mattress. Uncluttered the bed area and replace the beddings that are infected with bed bugs.
Bed bug control
Pesticide resistance is one reason why bed bug control is not easy. Another reason is that they can go for as many as 300 days without food, so starving them doesn’t work. They are small, so they can hide in the most unlikely of places. Their flattened body shapes make it easy for them to hide in tiny spaces between wood, bed springs, mattresses, and clothing. However, if you hire a reputable pest control company, it can easily put them under control. Pest control companies will use the latest pesticides to keep the bedbugs under control. They may also use non-pesticide control techniques such as heat-treating mattresses, beds, and other beddings and mechanically removing the pests from their hideouts. Bed bug predators such as cockroaches, spiders, and ants can also be used to control bedbugs, but they are not effective.